It’s quite obvious where Golden Retrievers get their name from; it’s that beautiful long, flowy coat of theirs. Whether it’s a light cream or a dark rust, Goldens come in all kinds of colors.
Believe it or not, the strain of the original Golden Retriever dates all the way back to the early 1800’s in Scotland. Today, there are three types of Goldens: British, American, and Canadian. British Golden Retrievers usually have rounder eyes, a broader head, and tend to be more muscular. Their coat is also generally on the lighter side of the golden spectrum. Canadian Golden Retrievers tend to be on the thinner side and usually stand taller than their American and British counterparts. They almost always have a darker coat. Lastly, the American Golden is thinner with less muscle. Their coats are often unpredictable but mostly lean towards the darker side. Unlike the other two types, they can sometimes have a sort of “ombre” effect with their fur (darker gold to a lighter gold).They’re a medium energy sporting breed whose intelligence makes them highly trainable working dogs. Like most retrievers, they are natural athletes with a love to run and swim. Goldens are known for being hunting and fishing dogs. Their devotion has landed them positions in therapy and assisted living, and even competitive obedience and agility. They also have a keen sense of smell that makes them successful in the search and rescue and drug sniffing fields.
Aside from their working background, they are great family dogs. Their constant happiness, tolerant personalities and friendly attitude has made them the third most popular dog breed in America. However, Golden Retrievers can often get upset when they are left alone for too long (and not like your average dog). Studies have shown that leaving them alone for more than seven hours a day can cause them to become depressed and cause a feeling of being unwanted.
Golden Retrievers make great security dogs. Unfortunately, theres a big difference between a security dog and a guard dog. They are known to bark at unfamiliar people while in the comfort of their home, but when it comes to finally being in contact with a stranger; its game over. Their friendly personality eventually takes over and they show their soft side to the unknown person. Unless you REALLY want and/or need a guard dog, don’t let this sway your opinion when it comes to owning a Golden (or a retriever for that matter).
IF YOU’RE THINKING ABOUT GETTING A GOLDEN RETRIEVER, HERE’S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Owner Experience Level: Novice
Average Life Span: 10-12 years
Fur Colors: Light gold to dark gold
Size: Large to Extra Large. Depending on the kind of Golden Retriever; Males can be anywhere from 65-75 pounds, while females could be 55-65 pounds at their full size.
Energy Level: Medium to high energy levels. They do require a lot of exercise whether it’s play time, walks or swimming. If their energy level isn’t drained everyday, they can become hard to handle inside as well as when you do finally bring them out to exercise.
Living Situations: They do NOT do well when left alone and although they do okay in new places, they don’t adapt well to smaller living environments.
Friendliness: Extremely friendly. Golden retrievers get a five star rating when it comes to their friendliness. It could be a human, another dog, a cat, a small child, a squirel.. You name it and a Golden can probably befriend anything as long as the feeling is mutual.
Grooming: Medium to high maintenance. They have long fur which requires some amount of grooming. Their topcoat tends to shed year round while their undercoat sheds twice a year; in the spring and fall. You can minimize the amount of shedding by brushing through their coat once a week and either bathing them or bringing them to the groomers when necessary.
Health: Golden Retrievers have both minor and major health problems. Some minor health problems to look out for are hypothyroidism, elbow displaysia, skin tumors (mast cell tumors), seizures and sub-aortic stenosis (a narrowing of the area beneath the aortic valve). Some major health problems to be weary of are lymphoma, hip displaysia, skin problems and hemangiosarcoma.
Trainability: Easy to train because they are highly intelligent and devoted.
SOME FUN FACTS ABOUT GOLDEN RETRIEVERS:
Goldens have a kind heart and are often seen taking care of other animals when they are in need. Cats are actually at the top of their list!
Some pretty famous people have owned a Golden! Including (but not limited to) Miranda Lambert, Oprah Winfrey, Adam Levine, Jimmy Fallon, Betty White, and even former U.S. presidents Ronald Regan and Gerald Ford.
Due to their easy trainability, Golden Retrievers are one of the top breeds to star in movies like Air Bud, A Dogs Purpose, and Homeward Bound.
Nicole & Nala